World accommodating definition
Johnstone provides the following eight characteristics of denominations: Sociologically, a "sect" is defined as a newly formed religious group that formed to protest elements of its parent religion (generally a denomination).
Their motivation tends to be situated in accusations of apostasy or heresy in the parent denomination; they often decry liberal trends in denominational development and advocate a return to so-called "true" religion.
Nevertheless, the categorisation scheme is useful as it also outlines a sort of developmental process for religions.
The classical example of a church by this definition is the Catholic Church, especially in the past, such as the State church of the Roman Empire.
THE AMERICAN HERITAGE® DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, FIFTH EDITION by the Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries.
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Sects are break-away groups from more mainstream religions and tend to be in tension with society.
Cults and new religious movements fall outside this continuum and in contrast to aforementioned groups often have a novel teaching.
A slight modification of the church type is that of ecclesia.
Islam is a church in countries like Saudi Arabia and Iran, where there is no separation of church and state.
The Basic Law of Saudi Arabia states: "[The Constitution of Saudi Arabia is] God's Book [the Qur'an] and the Sunnah of His Prophet [Muhammad]".
Along this continuum are several additional types, each of which will be discussed in turn.
Many labels are commonly employed by non-sociologists to refer to religions and tend to be used interchangeably.
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An often seen result of such factors is the incorporation into the theology of the new sect a distaste for the adornments of the wealthy (e.g., jewelry or other signs of wealth).