Dating of the gospel of thomas
The Gospel of Thomas (also known as the Coptic Gospel of Thomas) is a non-canonical sayings gospel.
It was discovered near Nag Hammadi, Egypt, in December 1945 among a group of books known as the Nag Hammadi library.
However, it is not clear whether he was referring to this Gospel of Thomas or one of the other texts attributed to Thomas.The Gospel of Thomas is very different in tone and structure from other New Testament apocrypha and the four Canonical Gospels.Unlike the canonical Gospels, it is not a narrative account of the life of Jesus; instead, it consists of logia (sayings) attributed to Jesus, sometimes stand-alone, sometimes embedded in short dialogues or parables.John portrays Thomas as physically touching the risen Jesus, inserting fingers and hands into his body, and ending with a shout.Pagels interprets this as signifying one-upmanship by John, who is forcing Thomas to acknowledge Jesus' bodily nature.
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In another apparent contrast, John's text matter-of-factly presents a bodily resurrection as if this is a sine qua non of the faith; in contrast, Thomas' insights about the spirit-and-body are more nuanced.